Recognizing The Early Signs of Gum Disease

When it comes to oral health, most people think about their teeth and don’t think much about their gums. They may have heard of gum disease, but may not know exactly what it is and couldn’t recognize the early signs. If caught early, gum disease can easily be treated and reversed.  


At Morning Dental, highly skilled and compassionate dentists Dr. Bao Nguyen and Dr. Michael Florman provide you with all the dental care you need to keep your teeth healthy and maintain a beautiful smile. From their offices in Santa Ana and Huntington Beach, California, they offer a full range of quality dental services, from routine cleanings to installation of dental crowns. Drs. Nguyen and Florman have many years of experience in diagnosing and treating gum disease.

What do gums do?

Most people focus on the look and health of their teeth, and often don’t think much about their gum health. Gums are essential for the health of your teeth, and gum disease is a very serious condition that can cause a number of distressing and uncomfortable problems, including potential tooth loss. 


Though they are often overlooked, your gums perform a very important role in your mouth. Gums cover the bottom part of your teeth, the sensitive roots that anchor your teeth in your jaw and protect the nerves that run through your teeth. Your gums seal off this important area, and bind to your bone to help keep your teeth in place. 

What is gum disease?

Though many people don’t know much about it, gum disease is a very common condition. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that half of American adults 30 years and older have some type of gum disease. 


Gum disease, technically known as periodontal disease, is a serious dental condition in which your gums become inflamed and infected. There are two primary types of gum disease: periodontitis, which is worse, and gingivitis. Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, is reversible with proper hygiene, but without treatment, it can turn into the more serious periodontitis.

What causes gum disease?

The biggest cause of gum disease is inadequate oral care. Without regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings, a substance called plaque builds up on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance that traps bacteria that cause tooth decay, but can be removed with proper oral care. If not regularly removed, it hardens into a substance called tartar that is much harder to remove and furthers decay.


Other causes of gum disease include smoking, which reduces the flow of blood to your gums and can inhibit them from healing. In addition, certain medications, hormonal fluctuations, and poor nutrition can also contribute to the development of gum disease. 

Early signs of gum disease 

Although gum disease is a very serious condition, it starts out simply, with bacterial growth in your mouth. You likely won’t have any symptoms at first, but as the gum disease worsens, some of the signs are:


When caught early, with proper oral care, gum disease is reversible, so it’s important to get an oral examination as soon as possible if you have any of these symptoms.  

Although most people don’t think about them very often, gums are very important for good oral health. Gum disease is a serious condition that can be reversed if caught early.

If you think you may have gum disease, or have any other dental needs, call one of our offices to set up an appointment, or use our online booking system to schedule a time and date that’s best for you.

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